February 5, 2014
Sloths have been making headlines this week – They even got a feature in the New York Times!
Maybe you thought all you really needed to know about sloths is that they are sloowwww, like to hang out in trees, are kind of a greenish brown, and are just about the cutest things that live in a rainforest. Or maybe you are a sloth aficionado and you regularly amaze your friends with your humorous stories about sloth defecation and the moths that love it. Oh wait? You haven’t heard that one?
Ok, before I reveal the newest, MIND BENDING, HEADLINE MAKING DISCOVERY about sloths, let’s go over the basics.
1. Two of the most common sloths in Neotropical rainforests are the 2-toed sloth and the 3-toed sloth.
2. Both types of sloths like to hang out in trees.
3. Three-toed sloths tend to have a lot of “things” that live in their hair. Things like cockroaches, round worms, and moths, to name a few. (It’s ok to be thinking EEWWWW right now!)
4. The 3-toed sloth also has an, umm, well, “unusual” bathroom habit. (Probably not a shocker based on what you just learned). In order to “take care of business,” 3-toed sloths actually climb down from the top of the tree to the forest floor to defecate. As you can image, that is a really long and slow trip back and forth to the bathroom. Plus this can be risky if there happens to be a jaguar down there waiting for you!
5. While the sloth is down on the ground, the pregnant moths that live in its hair scurry out and lay their eggs in the feces – a fancy term for poop – because apparently sloth moth larva do best on a strict diet of sloth dung. (Yes, another EEEWWW is a perfectly normal response)
6. The sloth moth larva munch happily away in their sloth dung play pen until they transform into adult moths. Now that they are all grown up, the dung pile just doesn’t cut it anymore. The adult moths fly up into the canopy in search of a new home on the back of a sloth. If they are lucky a mate awaits, cozily protected by the sloth’s course hair – and the cycle starts all over again.
If you are happily humming the Circle of Life song, wait just one minute! We are NOT done yet!
7. Turns out that as the moths go about their daily lives in the hair of a sloth, they leave behind a lot of nitrogen. Guess what likes nitrogen? Come on …guess! Yes, algae likes nitrogen, especially green algae.
8. Ah ha! The algae gives the sloth its green color and this helps the sloth blend into its environment – kind of a grow your own camouflage with moths providing the fertilizer deal.
Up until now this is where the story ended. BUT WAIT…There is more!
9. New research has revealed evidence that sloths might actually eat the algae that grows in their hair. Algae is actually quite nutritious and would help to supplement the sloth’s less than stellar diet of leaves. Researchers have found that the more moths a sloth has, the more nitrogen is held in its coat. More nitrogen = more algae to eat! (Preliminary research found algae in sloth stomachs, so the researchers are definitely on to something!) Hmmmm, maybe running the risk of being eaten by a jaguar is worth guaranteeing a steady supply algae in your hair?
AND NOW for the really MIND BLOWING PART. Are you ready?
10. You will never guess what else is growing alongside the algae. Really, you never will, but go ahead and try if you want. Can’t guess? Ok – are you ready…FUNGI, freakin’ fungi. But not your average, run of the mill fungi – fungi with super powers. Researchers have discovered that the fungi that live on sloth hair have potent ANTI-CANCER, ANTI-BACTERIAL, and ANTI-PARASITIC properties! Is it possible that the sloth is cultivating its very own pharmacy??
I don’t know about you, but that just leaves me flabbergasted and awestruck. Some curious person made observations, asked WHY, and opened their mind to possibilities! They not only uncovered another piece of an already crazy natural history story….they might possibly have discovered a new source of medicines that have the potential to treat nasty things like malaria, Chagas disease, and even certain forms of breast cancer.
This is why cultivating a curious mind matters – it is the foundation of scientific thinking. This is why rainforests and the creatures that live there matter. This is why science in the rainforest matters! Discoveries like this put rainforests back in the spotlight as an untapped resource for inspiration, knowledge, medicines, and more – a natural resource far more valuable as an intact and healthy ecosystem.
One final note: Researchers don’t know yet if there is a relationship between the algae and the fungi, but I for one wouldn’t be at all surprised if there was!
For more detail on these latest discoveries go to:
For you uber science heads, here’s the journal article about the fungi discovery:
October 21, 2013
A wonderful, personal account of a “day in the life” during the 2013 Educator Academy in the Amazon! Thanks for sharing your reflections with us!
Originally posted on thinkingwithoutboundaries:
This morning I woke up very tired. Last night, Julie and I has a creature in our room. We were laying there trying to go to sleep listening to the animals “talking” from a distance. Then we heard an animal “talking” back repeating a call we heard from afar. I took out my flashlight to look around from the safety of my netted bed, but found nothing. I laid back down and figured it was gone. About ten minutes later, the mysterious animal continues “talking”. It would stop periodically which is the only way I was able to fall asleep. I never discovered what it truly was but I believe it might have been a frog.
This morning all of us became learners in ACTS classroom. This group is made up of teachers, naturalists, and general nature enthusiasts. We come from all over the United States as seen in the picture below.
October 3, 2013
If we’ve heard it once, we’ve heard it a thousand times…the future of the planet depends on the students sitting in our classrooms. As educators, the task of nurturing this next generation to appreciate the role of science in addressing local as well as global problems often falls to us. At times this may seem like a super human task that requires a spandex suit and a cape.
Happily, our 2013 Educator Academy in the Amazon participants are redefining what it means to be a super hero. They have traded in their capes for rain ponchos, field notebooks and i-buttons.
They are becoming role models for their students because they understand that as teachers they need to participate in science themselves in order to incorporate science methods in their classrooms. They need to use inquiry-based techniques in order to guide their students in the tools and skills of research. They need to experience critical ecosystems, such as the Amazon in order to teach about their importance to global health.
Here are a few examples of what our Amazon Super Heroes are up to!
Science Explorers, EcoFest, and the Wooster Elementary Environmental Science Club
Jennifer R. and Jolene W., Arkansas, Elementary Educators. This dynamic duo from Arkansas truly don’t need capes to rank as Amazon super heroes.
They epitomize what it means to be “facilitators of wonder” as they lead their students on explorations of their school yard nature trail, engage them as citizens during a community wide EcoFest, and integrate an appreciation for the wonders of nature into every lesson they teach.
“Our 4th and 5th grade Environmental Science Club set up a Rainforest Awareness informational board at EcoFest in Conway. They displayed an experiment that showed the importance of keeping trees in the Rainforest because of the effects on the water. It also communicated the need for clean drinking water and school supplies for the people of Peru. We have shared our personal encounters and pictures with our students so that they are able to empathize with those people. We want our students not to take things for granted and appreciate their education.”
You can read more about the Wooster Elementary Science explorers on their blog: http://richardsonscienceexplorers.blogspot.com/
Biodiversity and Butterflies
Kathryn E., Oklahoma Middle School Educator and Fund For Teachers Fellow. With all the new standards coming out, it can take super human efforts to re-imagine classroom instruction. But great educators like Kathryn take it all in stride. Kathryn is turning her classroom into a rainforest as a way to energize science content and engage her students – while still meeting the standards and finding time to be a Fund For Teachers Fellow and Fulbright Distinguished Educator too!
“How can an educator not bring amazing information from the Amazon back to the classroom? With lessons and activities ranging from fishing for piranhas to teaching S.T.E.M in the classroom, I gained valuable experiences and content knowledge to enhance my ecology unit. I am much more confident in my teaching about the attributes of the rainforest, symbiotic relationships, and natural resources. For example, when discussing symbiotic relationships with my students, I was able to use examples I observed first-hand in the Amazon rainforest. Little by little the Amazon rainforest is coming alive in my classroom. For the first time, I have a large butterfly habit to observe and record the life cycle and then students will be researching tropical butterflies compared to the butterflies found in North America. Next, there will be fish in the classroom and learning about the pink river dolphin and piranhas. Then, I will bring in orchids, bromeliads, and ferns to teach about the trees and epiphytes of the rainforest. By the end of the semester, my classroom will be quite the example of a rainforest.”
Connecting the Desert to the Rainforest
Amanda R., Nevada, US Park Service. One can only imagine what Amanda could do if she actually had a super hero costume! This desert dynamo is on a non-stop mission to share the wonders of the world with all the visitors she works with as part of her job with the National Park Service. She somehow still finds time to do things on the side – like creating rainforest “GreenBoxes” for the GreenPower program at the Desert Research Institute which will provide educators with hands-on teaching activities and materials that show just how much the desert and the rainforest have in common!
“The goal of these green boxes will be to provide a diversity of hands-on investigations by using such resources as GLOBE, STEM, Project Noah, and the 5 E inquiry model. With this goal in mind, this will be one of the many bridges that teacher can use to educate youth in Clark County and throughout the state of Nevada and the country of Peru.”
Urban Science Superstars
Holly M., Massachusetts, Middle School Educator. After returning from the Amazon, Holly launched the school year with a “DonorsChoose” project request to raise money to purchase the equipment her students will need to become citizen scientists and collect environmental data for the GLOBE program. Holly’s students come from an urban school surrounded by buildings and cement. It is a diverse, inner city school with 91% of students designated as High Needs due to low income status, English Language Learner status or Special Education status. Nearly 66% of the children come from families where English is not their primary language.
“My goal, as their middle school science teacher, is to expose them to technology, make science authentic and investigative and show them what real scientists do, while bringing as much of the natural world into my classroom as possible. I was inspired by the data collection I did as a participant in the 2013 Educator Academy and I want to share this excitement with my students. By collecting data, using an exact protocol, and contributing to a scientific community, it is my hope that they will feel empowered and energized, just as I did in the Amazon”
Read all about Holly’s DonorsChoose proposal and then start your own!
More Amazon Super Hero Profiles Coming soon! Rainforest Alliance Schools in Jacksonville, FL, Biomimicry Science Fair Projects in Colorado, Watershed Collaborations in the Mid Atlantic, and More!
Let’s be honest…looking for tarantulas on the ceiling before sitting down to dinner is not considered normal. Nor is checking for frogs in the shower before you shampoo. But as many of our Amazon travelers will attest, there is an undeniable sense of pride and accomplishment when you can actually say you’ve done this! There are definite benefits to traveling to places in the world that take you to the edge of your comfort zone.
It is on this un-comfortable edge where:
1. perspectives are changed
2. passions are discovered
3. adventurous souls are awakened
4. routines are broken
5. true callings are revealed
6. futures are redefined
7. independence takes root
8. the most surprising people become friends
9. life altering experiences occur
10. real growth and learning happen!
Take for example, the tarantula on the ceiling. When it fell from the rafters onto the dinner table, naturally a collective gasp (and a few shrieks) erupted around the room. But after the initial shock, these were replaced with awe and wonder. The student closest to the airborne arachnid overcame her phobia and calmly held her ground, much to the awe of her peers! This in turn inspired others to take a closer look as researcher, Steve Madigosky, gently collected it and explained it was a pink-toed tarantula (Avicularia sp.).
Sure enough it looked as if each of the eight toes had been dipped in pink nail polish, prompting oohs and ahhs instead of squeals and shrieks from the audience. Someone then asked the obvious question, “What was it doing on the ceiling?” Much to everyone’s surprise, Steve explained that there are arboreal (tree dwelling) tarantulas in the Amazon, uniquely adapted to life in the treetops. The beauty that landed on the dinner table had simply lost her footing but because she was built for tree top living, she survived the fall just fine.
When Steve asked if anyone would like to hold it, the response was overwhelmingly positive and students patiently waited for their turn to feel the delicate touch of 8 pink toes on their skin. In this unscripted travel experience, perspectives were changed, fears were overcome, routines were broken, and new passions discovered…
When was the last time you checked for tarantulas on the ceiling? If you haven’t, maybe it’s about time!
September 12, 2013
We’ve said it before, and we can’t help but say it again…” What happens in the Amazon should never stay in the Amazon!”
Each and every year the educators and students we have the privilege to share the Amazon with give life to these words. Each and every year the wonders of the Amazon are carried back to friends, families, classrooms, communities, as students and teachers share what they have learned and experienced. Each and every year we do our best to build Amazon Awareness through education!
In July of 2013, we broke recent records and hosted 30 intrepid educators on our first annual Educator Academy in the Amazon. Students from Sidwell Friends School and Shady Side Academy (to name a few) explored the rainforest on reconnaissance for their schools in order to build long term relationships with the Amazon. For adults and students alike, this immersion into tropical ecology, research, and culture gave all of us the chance to challenge ourselves, our assumptions, and our responsibilities.
As educators we sought new knowledge and insights to inspire our teaching and motivate our students. As individuals, many of us wanted an adventure in a remote and wild part of the planet. For some it was an opportunity to rekindle a long lost passion. For others it was an opportunity to push beyond established comfort zones. Many found it a means to look at the world with a new set of eyes.
In addition to total immersion (tarantulas falling from the ceiling and bats flying out of latrines) into Amazon biodiversity, we engaged in hands-on investigations, citizen science research projects, and inquiry-based learning activities designed to deepen our understanding of the rainforest ecosystem and its global importance. We even explored how rainforest concepts relate to 21st century instructional models such as 5E lesson design, inquiry-based exploration, STEM education. Innovative instructional tools such as Project Learning Tree, GLOBE, and Project Noah gave us practical tools to take back to our classrooms. Cross curricular learning experiences focused on cultural exchange, service learning, and sustainability and provided us with even more inspiration for how to deepen our student’s understanding of the complexities global environmental issues.
In this age of high stakes testing, Next Generation Science Standards, and the Common Core, we pondered how to take what we experienced in the Amazon and make it relevant to our curricula, our classrooms, and our students. What bound us all together was the idea that rainforests are magical, wonderful, inspiring places and they deserve a place in our curriculum. Not because monkeys are fun and frogs are fabulous (they are!) but rather because rainforests hold the key to many of our most pressing environmental issues – including global climate change.
The future of our planet depends on our students becoming concerned scientists, responsible environmental policy makers and informed global citizens. Knowledge and skills in science are paramount. How do we nurture this next generation to appreciate the role of science in addressing local as well as global problems related to climate change, sustainable development, and resource conservation? As teachers and teacher educators, we need to participate in science ourselves in order to incorporate science methods into our classrooms. We need to use inquiry-based techniques in order to guide our students in the tools and skills of research. We need to experience critical ecosystems, such as the rainforest, in order to teach about their importance to global health.
In June 2014, another cohort of educators from across the united states will have the unique opportunity to explore these issues through our second annual Educator Academy in the Amazon.
In addition, educators from Arizona and Nevada and other desert states can enroll in a spin off program, the Desert to Rainforest Academy, coordinated by Arizona State University faculty. The Desert to Rainforest Academy participants will engage in hands-on investigations, citizen science research projects, and inquiry based learning activities in both desert and rainforest ecosystems. During the Desert to the Rainforest Educator Academy, participants will get a close-up view of both the desert and the rainforest as complex systems with narrow niches and the interconnected relationships between soil, water, plants, wildlife, climate and people.
Both of these programs encourage the development of a “new set of glasses” for one’s local environment and provide a wider context for exploring significant questions such as – What is biodiversity and why does it matter to me? What factors determine the biodiversity of the desert, the Amazon, my backyard, and the planet? How will climate change affect the many dimensions of the Amazon ecosystem? How will it affect us locally in Arizona? Why is access to water a global concern? As a global citizen, what is my responsibility?
Participants in next summer’s Academy programs will be charged with sharing and applying what they learn with their students, districts, and communities. And once again…the Amazon will flood U.S. Classrooms!
For more information on Rainforest Educator Academy Programs and how you can participate, please visit http://www.amazonworkshops.com/educators–naturalists.html or contact Christa Dillabaugh, firstname.lastname@example.org / 1-800-431-2624.
June 26, 2013
Wow! This year we are celebrating 22 years of building Amazon awareness through our summer workshop programs and we are pulling out all the stops! This year we will host:
30 Adventurous Educators
26 Student Explorers
7 Teacher Leaders
6 Awesome Faculty Members
5 Student Amazon Rainforest Workshops
1 Stupendous Educator Academy in the Amazon!
Our student participants will experience an adventure like no other as they explore rainforest ecology, community, and culture. They will push past comfort levels, expand their worlds, experience the joy of unplugging from technology and make new friends!
The educators participating in our Educator Academy spent 6 weeks preparing for their Amazon experience and are already laying plans for bringing the Amazon back to their classrooms and communities. If the energy they put into their pre-departure preparations is any indication, the Amazon will be rocking when they hit the ground!
There is no doubt that the Amazon will change each and every one of us…but our task is to decide what WE are going to do in return. How will we change the Amazon? What is our responsibility in ensuring its sustainable future?
As Margaret Meade once said, “Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world. Indeed, it is the only thing that ever has.”
We have no doubt that our small group of 2013 Amazon explorers fit her description and they will have plenty of ideas for making a difference! Stay tuned for future blog posts with details!